Critical and Inventive thinking are one of the four domains in the 21st Century Competencies that every teacher aspires to infuse into classroom lessons. We no longer can run on the excuse(s) that many teachers have, such as: "My students are not thinking enough." or "My students lack the ability to think." Rather, we should start approaching from the perspectives of "What can I do to build their competencies in thinking?"
The components of critical and inventive thinking include: Sound Reasoning and Making Decision, Reflective Thinking, Curiosity and Creativity, Managing Complexities and Ambiguities. We ask questions, too frequently as teachers, and expect students to think and give us a response. That may work for smarter students but may leave other students struggling. Instead, we might take a step further in guiding them with meta-cognition (Thinking about their own thinking) as well as strengthening their ability to perform skilful thinking.
We have designed a series of workshops combining the wisdom of the following people and their literature: